Word Order

Standard word order in Angos is Subject-Verb-Object.

Adjectives, adverbs, and particles go before what they modify:

Subject.Modifiers - Subject - Verb.Modifiers - Verb - Object.Modifiers - Object
Bali mao hilosu me* ala lavi nesumo.
A big cat quickly ate a small mouse.

*The tense particles (me and ke) have priority over adverbs. (see "Multiple Modifiers" below)

Indirect Object

Indirect object phrases are formed with the preposition de, and are placed after the direct object.
Wo maya de bukos de to - I buy you a book
Wo vema espan-ango de le lo - I teach them Spanish

Forming Questions

Questions can be formed with the question particle ce or a question word (who, what, when, etc. See Lesson 8).

Ce demands a yes/no answer:
Ce lo leisos? - Is it a house?
Ce to kala gi-gola? - Do you like to play soccer?

An interrogative correlative demands an answer that matches its function in the sentence.
Lo ki omo? - Who is it? ("It is what person")
-Lo bali omo. - It is a big person.

To gia de semyao (hie) ki ceo - When are you going home? ("You go home (at) what time")
-Wo post-hiu gia de semyao - I'm going home tomorrow ("I tomorrow go home")

Passive Voice

Object-oriented sentences contain the particle te, placed immediately before the verb:

Na-omo me te tisa ve tesemo - The man was bitten by the dog
Los te kasa ve yulio - It is made of glass

Multiple Modifiers

This is a list of priorities in case there is more than one modifier:


le + -i determiner + adjectives + noun

  • fi ni-omo -this woman
  • seyni ni-omo- old woman
  • fi seyni ni-omo - this old woman
  • le fi seyni ni-omo - these old women

When using possessive pronouns (wi, ti, li, etc.), the order changes slightly, in that the possessive pronoun (although an adjective) will precede all other modifiers. This is to prevent confusion with the plural possessive pronouns (le wi, le ti, le li):
  • wi sang-ami bukos - my red book
  • wi le sang-ami bukos - my red books
  • le wi sang-ami bukos - our red book
  • le wi le sang-ami bukos - our red books


adverb + (se, nae) + (me, ke) + te + verb

  • Bukos te via - The book is read
  • Bukos me te via - The book was read
  • Bukos nae me te via - The book was not read
  • Bukos value nae me te via - The book was often not read

Complements and Adjuncts

Indicative complements are required pieces of information and are always placed after the subject (as opposed to modifiers, which are placed before).
Adjuncts are extra pieces of information (in this case, prepositional phrases) that also go after whatever they modify.

Indicative Complements

Lo nesumo - It is a mouse
Wo omo - I am a person
Mao bali - The cat is large
Alo kali - The food is good
Wo ine leisos - I am in the house

Prepositional Phrases

Descriptive prepositional phrases can follow the subject or the object of a verb phrase:
-To ansa de wo - You speak to me
-Omo ala picaos nive wo - The person eats pizza near me (position of the action)

Remember to use lae for relative clauses:
-Omo lae nive wo ala picaos - The person who is near me eats pizza
-Omo ala picaos lae nive wo - The person eats pizza that is near me