Adjectives and Adverbs


Adjectives end in i and always go before the noun they describe. To create an adjective, think of a noun that has that quality and attach an i to the end of the root. For example, ot (fire) turns into oti (fire-like). Depending on context, this can mean "hot", "red-orange", or even "quick-spreading" (as a wildfire).

Other words that can mean "hot":
yangi (sun-like)
kasani (volcano-like)

Adverbs end in u and always go before the verb or adjective they describe. Adverbs are derived in the same way as adjectives, but can not be used to describe nouns.

Examples

Here are some common adjectives/adverbs with their noun roots in parenthesis:
  • hilosi / hilosu (velocity) - fast/quickly
  • sipoti / sipotu (snail) - slow/slowly
  • bali / balu (mountain) - big/greatly
  • aysi / aysu (ice) - cold/coldly
  • suli / sulu (noise) - loud/loudly
  • syoti / syotu (silence) - quiet/quietly
  • gadabi / gadabu (anger) - angry/angrily
  • balaki / balaku (bliss) - happy/happily
  • noi / nou (brain) - smart/smartly (keen/keenly)


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